Groin pain can present acute and chronic state. An acute groin injury occurs during an activity such as sport or exercise.
Acute groin injuries occur more commonly in fast paced, directional sports such as soccer, basketball or football). Common causes of acute groin pain are muscle or tendon tears in the groin or contusions/direct trauma to the area. Typical symptoms of an acute groin injury include;
- Sudden onset of pain
- Tenderness locally
- Mild to intense pain in the immediate area
- Inability to weight bear
- Inability to move the affected joint (due to pain)
- Swelling and/or bruising
- Referring pain to inner and front of the thigh
Groin pain can also have a more gradual insidious onset. Chronic groin pain is typically seen in sports with repetitive, high load sports (such as triathlons or marathons) or is as a symptom of a biomechanical dysfunction. Common causes of chronic groin pain are Osteitis Pubis (inflammation in the pelvis), or Osteoarthritis of the hip. Typical symptoms of a gradual groin injury may include.
- Aches and pain worse at night
- Pain that gets worse over the day or with activity
- Inability to move joint pain free
- ‘Good’ and ‘bad’ days for both pain and joint movement
R.I.C.E (Rest, Ice, Compress, Elevate) is the standard treatment protocol for acute injuries. If an injury is severe, call an ambulance or go to hospital where possible.
Chronic groin pain is best treated by seeking a professional who can appropriately assess and treat your condition and identify any underlying causes. At Mobilise a Myotherapist will:
- Assess the injury itself
- Discuss any contributing factors such as biomechanics, previous injuries, and activities participated in
- Use deep tissue massage, trigger point therapy, joint mobilisation, MET and PNF stretching, and other advanced options such as myofascial dry needling or neural flossing to treat the injury
- Develop a rehabilitation plan to get you back to your sport and out of pain as soon as possible.
How can I prevent a groin injury?
- Proper warm ups and cool downs
- Allow enough time for proper recovery
- Achieve a sufficient level of conditioning/fitness
- Advance progressively
- Avoid running on hard or uneven surfaces, or in poorly lit areas
- Know your body’s limits
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